The Rumba originates from Cuba as a typical dance of a hot climate. It has become the classic of all the Latin American dances. In its present form many of the basic figures of the dance retain the age-old story of woman's attempt to dominate man by the use of her feminine charm. In a well choregrphed dance there will always be an element of "tease and run"; the man being lured and then rejected.

Marcos (from Panama City) has recently added that:

Rumba is composed of three rhythms:
  • Guaguancó
  • Yambú
  • Columbia
When you point out that Rumba is about feminine charm it is not quite like that. Actually Rumba is a fertility dance and thorough time it has broken down into three classes (in Cuba, of course).

In Guaguancó, the male tries to "penetrate" the female and the female responds. (Of course, only dancing). In Yambú, the female just flirts but at the end "backs out" and refuses the pelvic thrust of the male dancer. Columbia is a later development and danced only in very few country towns.

I hope these clarifications will aid in the difusion of Rumba, the most african of Cuban rhythms and in my opinion, the best rhythm to both listen and dance.



  • Alemana
  • Basic movement
  • Closed hip twist
  • Cuban rocks
  • Cucarachas
  • Fan
  • Hand to hand
  • Hockey stick
  • Natural opening out movement
  • Natural top
  • New York
  • Progressive walks
  • Shoulder to shoulder
  • Side step
  • Spot turns


  • Aida
  • Curl
  • Forward walks in shadow
  • Open hip twist
  • Open out from reverse top
  • Reverse top
  • Shoulder to shoulder from hockey basic
  • Spiral


  • Advanced hip twist
  • Alemana with R to R hand hold
  • Alternative basic
  • Continous circular hip twist
  • Continous hip twist
  • Fallaway
  • Fencing
  • Kiki walks
  • Opening out to R & L
  • Rope spinning
  • Sliding doors
  • Syncopated cuban rocks
  • Three alemanas
  • Three threes
  • Underarm turns to R, L

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